A complete showcase on India and a in-depth focus into its culture, diversity, heritage, history and every detail to the minutest that a traveller to India would want to know. Get to know the mysterious Indian even before you get there!
The eastern region or the east coast of India by the Bay of Bengal and on the Indo-gangetic plain said to be the most fertile place in India. Jharkan the newly formed state is a hilly area located on the Chota nagar plateau being covered with jungles and rich in minerals. This state has its borders with Nepal and Sikkim. Himalayas in the north, the states of Uttar Pradesh and Chattisgarh on the west, the state of Andhra Pradesh in the south and the Bay of Bengal on the east.
The region was the historical centre of the Maurya, Kalinga,Utkal,Gajapati,Sunga and Pala empires that ruled much of the Indian sub-continent at their prime. In medieval India, it was incorporated into the Mughal and then the British empire. After independence in 1947, the states joined the Indian Union and took their current from after the States Reorganization Act of 1956. Today, they continue to face problems of overpopulation, environmental degradation and pervasive corruption despite significant economic and social progress.
The old name Calcutta has been replaced to Kolkatta. The city retains its vibrant paradoxial idendity. Once the national capital and seat of political and commercial power, the city's fortunes with the pendulum of time. Losing its status of prima donna of Indian cities when it was also known as the City of Palaces. Calcutta is atlast on the path to recovery. The city remains as sports crazy as ever and boasts of some of the largest outdoor and indoor stadia, four golf courses and one of the finest race courses in India. It is also the communications hub of eastern India with the convergence of air and rail routes.
Orissa is home to the Hirakud Dam, one of the longest dams in the world. Orissa has several popular tourist destinations. Puri, with the Jagannatha's temple near the sea (famous for Rath Yatra or the Car Festival), and Konark, with the Sun Temple, are visited by thousands of tourists every year. The Jagannatha Temple of Puri, The Sun Temple of Konarka, The Lingaraja Temple of Bhubaneswar, and the Barabati Fort of Cuttack are important in the archaeological history of India. The city wildlife sanctuaries of Chandaka and Nandan Kanan are a must visit for the lessons they teach is conservation and revitalization of species from the brink of extinction. The Gharial Sanctuary at Tikarpada and the Olive Ridley Sea Turtles in Gahirmatha turtle sanctuary also feature on the list of avid nature watchers. Chilika, Asia's largest brackish water lake, not only provides a haven for millions of birds, but is also one of the few places in India where one can view dolphins.
Bihar is bounded by the country of Nepal to the north and by Jharkhand to the south. Ancient Bihar, known as Magadha, was a center of power, learning and culture in ancient and classical India. From Magadha arose India's first greatest empire. Its capital Patna, earlier known as Patliputra, was an important center of Indian civilization. The rich culture and heritage of Bihar is evident from the innumerable ancient monuments spread throughout the state. Mahabodhi Temple, a Buddhist shrine and UNESCO World Heritage Site is also situated in Bihar.Mahatma Gandhi Setu, Patna, is the longest river bridge in the world.
An, abundance of fossil remains and prehistoric artifacts in some places of Jharkhand point to the possibility that the transformation of homo erectus to homo sap/ens took place in the Chotanagpur region. Stone axes and other tools of early civilizations date back to over 3000 years. In the 6th or 7th century BC - the era of the epic Mahabharata-the "Kikat" Pradesh mentioned in the Rig Veda,was located somewhere in the Parasnath Hills in Giridih district, Jharkhand.
Sikkim state being a part of inner mountain ranges of Himalayas, is hilly having varied elevation ranging from 300 to 8540 meters. A large number of mountains having altitudes of about seven thousand meters stands here with - Kanchenjunga (8598 m.), The third highest peak in the world. A number of glaciers descends from eastern slopes of Kanchenjunga into Sikkim where snow clad line is found above 5300 mtrs. The biggest of them is Zemu, from whose snout above Lachen monastery rises the river Teesta. Teesta is the main river and its main tributaries are Zemu, Lachung, Rangyong, Dikchu, Rongli, Rangpo and Rangit which form the main channel of drainage from the north to the south. Cradled in the manifold splendors of nature deep within the snow clad Himalayas is Sikkim's capital Gangtok.
Other places in Sikkim are - Gangtok, and various monasteries.
Popularly called as the land of the red river and blue hills, Assam is the gateway to the northeastern part of India. Assam is bordered in the North and East by the Kingdom of Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh. Along the south lies Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram. Meghalaya lies to her South-West, Bengal and Bangladesh to her West. Spread along the mighty Brahmaputra, Guwahati is the gateway to the enchanting North Eastern India. Sualkuchi is one of the world's largest weaving villages often called the Manchester of the East. Majuli, the world's largest river island is situated in the midst of river Brahmaputra, is the centre of Vishnava culture in Assam. Surrounded by numerous Tea Gardens and mystic blue hills, Digboi is a major oil town. Surrounded by mystic blue hills and evergreen forests, Bhalukpung is situated on the bank of the river Jia Bhoroli.
Islands in Assam are - Guwahati, Sualkuchi, Majuli, Sibsagar, Digboi, Bhalukpung.
Meghalaya the land of clouds is aptly named for a suden shower is never far away. It has the distinction of possessing the wettest place on earth. Yet, the rolling mists in the valleys lend it a mysterious charm that is hard to resist. Meghalaya is made of ancient tribal socities of which the major ones are Khasi, Jaintia and Garo. Meghalaya possess numerous waterfalls with mesmerizing surroundings. It exhibit falls, which are worth visiting. For those who enjoy caving, Meghalaya is just the place, for it has about 788 caves, many of them unmapped and unexplored. Meghalaya has a large number of wild animals the most common of which is the Asian Elephant.
Places to see in Meghalaya are Shillong, Khasi Hills, Jaintia Hills, Garo Hills. Cheerapunjee.
Manipur the jewel shares its borders with Assam, Mizoram, Nagaland and Myanmar (Burma). Manipur claims to fame include its historic role in the Second World War the hoisting of the flag of the Indian National Army at Moirang in 1944 by Netaji Subash Chandra Bose. Manipur's classical dances, its indigenous games and martial arts, its textiles and it being the habitat of the 'Sangai' the dancing deer. Handlooms are a way of life and every home has one loom. Polo is originated in Manipur.
Nagaland is a hilly state with Arunachal Pradesh and Assam to the north, Maniput to its south, Assam to its west and Myanmar to its east. The Naga inhabitants are of Indo-Mongoloid stock and the race is said to have existed 10 centuries before Christ. The state is rich in hills, valleys, streams and gorges.
Mizoran is flanked by Myanmar in the east and Tripura in the west sharing its borders with Assam and Manipur in the north. Scenic beauty combines with a mild climate adds to the charm of a generous people. Among the Mizo hilla rae Lusie, Lakher, Hmar, Pawi and Ralte. Christianity is the main religion here.
Tripura is bound by Bangladesh in the north, west south and north east with the international border just 5 kms from the capital Agartala. To the east it shares boundaries with Assam and Mizoram. Tripura is a hilly region with valleys, forests and lakes. Dumboor lake has a number of islands and boats and are the only means of transport.
The largest state in the north east, Arunachal Pradesh is bordered by China in the north, Bhutan in the west, Myanmar in the east and shares its boundaries to the south with Assam and Nagaland. With more than 60 percent of the state covered with evergreen forests, the greenery punctuated by rivers, streams, gorges and snow clad Himalayas. One attraction here is the tribal culture of the many ethnic groups which make the population.