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Jharkhand



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The state of Jharkhand which was formerly a part of Bihar, was created on 15th November 2000, with Ranchi - which used to be the colonial summer capital of Bihar. Jharkhand is the 28th state of the Indian union. Surrounded by Bihar to the north, West Bengal to the east, Chhatisgarh to the west and Orissa to the south, the region known as Jharkhand is a region of great natural wealth. Mineral resources abound, resulting in a proliferation of industrial centers like Ranchi, Jamshedpur, Bokaro and Dhanbad. Comprising the forest tracks of the Chhotanagpur plateau and the Santhal Parganas, the area has vibrant cultural traditions. Jharkhand is home to many tribal groups, and the state prides itself on its distinct tribal identity.

Jharkhand is spread over an area of 79,714 sq. kms. The region is dotted with hills. valleys and plateaus and altitudes range from 1,000 to 4,000ft. The districts of Jharkhand are Gaehwa, Chatra, Koderma, Hazaribagh, Giridih, Deoghar, Dumka, Godda, Pakur, Sahebganj, Dhanbad, Bokaro, Ranchi, Lohardaga, Gumla, West Singhbhum, East Singhbhum, Saraikela Kharsawan, Jamtara, Simdega and Latehar.


Best time to visit Jharkhand

October to March is the best time to visit Jharkhand.

Summers are extremely hot and humid, too cold in winter, prone to heavy rains in monsoon

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The cross cultural influences of Buddhism and Jainism, Mughal rule and the Hindu emperors of Bengal are also seen here.  Art historians ascribe the 'oldest cave paintings' of India the scroll paintings to a Jharkhand tribe known as the Shabars who today live on the verge of extinction.



Tribal Jewellery crafted in gold, silver or white metal are seen. Wide bracelets called choor in a spectacular design range, large conical tops bala and tarpat earings with flat worked chains that go over the ears are some traditional items. Popular are a string of three chains with a flower-shaped clasp or heart shaped filigree clasp at both ends. large heart-shaped hair clips called tara kata and paan kata are worn in pairs. Mandli chokers with simple half-moons strung on black thread and designed to fit snugly on the throat come with matching earings.
Dokra the ancient metal craft which interested the worldwide artistic community is practised by the Malhar and Tentri tribes of Jharkhand. Dokra the ancient metal craft which interested the worldwide artistic community is practised by the Malhar and Tentri tribes of Jharkhand.
An abundance of fossil remains and pre-historic artifacts in some places of Jharkhand point out the possibility that the transformation of homo erectus to homo sapiens took place in the Chotanagpur region. Stone axes and other tools of early civilizations date back to over 3000 years. In the 6th or the 7th century BC - the era of the epic Mahabharata - the "Kikat" Pradesh mentioned in Rig Veda was located somewhere in the Parasnath hills in Giridih district of Jharkhand.

Satpahar is another site in Hazaribagh has rock paintings and can be called a beautiful rock art gallery in the entire world. The sandstone rocks have drawings of fishes, deers, cows, frogs, small animals like squirrels, insects like grasshoppers and so on. Many stone axes have also been found from these places. Cave paintings have been seen a bit far away, which falls nearby the Sati hills. The caves are large enough to have around 200 sitting people. .
 
How to reach Jharkhand

By Air : Ranchi Airport is the main airport of Jharkhand.
Rail : Ranchi Railway Station and Hazaribagh are the main railheads of Jharkhand
Roads : Roads connect all the important cities and towns in the state. Ranchi, the capital city is situated at the junction of National Highways 23 and 33

Safety
Do not venture out after dark as since parts of Jharkhand are affected by Naxals. To make trip comfortable contact Jharkhand tourism at 0651 233 0538

January - February
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Sohari
Associated with care for cattle, the festival celebrates the symbiotic relationship between man and beast by anointing cattle with oil and vermilion and praying for their well being.

Hal Punhya
Celebrated on the first month of Magh of the Hindu calendar, known as Akhain Jatra or Hal Punhya, the festival kicks off the begining of ploughing season.




Deoghar
Home to a complex of 22 temples of which the biggest and the tallest at 72 ft is the temple of Baidyanath that houses one of the 12 revered jyotirlingams in the country, Deoghar is the most sacred place in Jharkhand. It holds great sanctity among Hindus because it is believed to be the only karmalingam - a lingam that has the power to fulfill all dreams.
Betla National Park
Nestled in the Deccan Plateau of the Chotanagpur province the 226 sq. kms Betla Park and the adjoining 1026 sq kms Palamau Tiger Reserve is one of the most beautiful site  with biologically diverse habitats of the elusive striped cat - the tiger besides being home to chital, gaur, sloth bear, elephant, mouse deer, pangolin, four horned antelope - in all 47 species of mammals, 174 species of birds and some 970 species of flora.

Watered by three rivers Burhaghagh, Auranga and North Koel and over looked by the 16th century Chero king Raja Medini's Fort ruins, the park provides not only an enchanting tryst with wildlife but nature's amazing bounty like the highest falls (468 ft) in the state Lodh Fall, smaller but as enchanting Sugabandh and Mirchaiya Waterfalls ass within driving distance.

Best time to visit - October - April
Entry on ticket, bus, car and jeep facilities are available
Stay - Forest Rest Houses at Betla, Kerh, Maromar and Mundu, Baresand, Barwadih.
Nearest airport - Ranchi 165 kms
Nearest Railway station - Barwadih 15 kms and Daltongaj 25 kms
From the legendary Asurs and Santhals, to the Banjara, Birhor, Chero, Gond, Ho, Khond, Lohra, Mal Pahariya, Munda, Oraon, Kol or Kawar over 32 tribal groups ie around 28% of the population of the state have left their impression on the culture of the region.
Department of Tourism
FFP Building, HEC Campus
Dhurwa, Ranchi 834 004
Ph - 651-2400981, 2401853
Fax - 0651-2400982




JTDC Hotels
Birsa Vihar, Ranchi
0651-2331828
Ratan Vihar, Dhanbad
0326-2200090, 2205084
Prabhat Vihar, Netarhat
06569-277628
Van Vihar, Betla
06567-226513
Natraj Vihar, Deoghar
06432-222422
Baidyanath Vihar, Deoghar
06432 222804
Basuki Vihar, Dumka
06431-230037
Tourist Complex, Urawan
06534-2351178
Tourist Complex, Tenughat
09334109664
Tourist Complex, Itkhori
06541-266595
JTDC Hotels
Forest Rest House, Palamau Tiger Reserve at Betla
06562 222650
Hotel Bibhuti Vihar, Ghatshila
06585-226506
DFO Hazaribagh
06546-222339
DFO Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary
0651-2480948
Excursions
Take a trip to Sanskriti in Hazaribagh just 1 and a half hour from Ranchi for some exquisite handicrafts. Bulu Imam runs a centre called Sanskriti to promote the art and culture of Jharkhand.
sinclairenvironmental.com/sanskriti/sanskriti

Waterfalls
There are lots of waterfalls to visit here, visit Hundru and Dassam which is 35 kms from Ranchi.

Dimna lake
The Dalma ranges has the lake where you can plan an excursion. 13 kms from Jamshedpur you can have boating in the lake or just chill out.

Paragliding in Giridih
The Satpahar and Parasnath hills is a good place for adventure sports. The Lodh water falls and Rajdera was good adventure points. Parasailing, yatching in Rukka dam are must try.