Adventure tourism is one of the most neglected forms of tourism, which has an enormous potential of growth and development in Sikkim. Today’s generations are more fond of adventure and Sikkim has everything to contribute to the adventure tourism of the state. Adventure tourism in Sikkim includes mountaineering, trekking, mountain biking and water rafting.
Trekking in Sikkim can be a wonderful experience- an antidote to the stress of daily life and a memory to cherish rest of life. While trekking, are relish the pure air and the silence of wilderness and feels the awakening of senses dolled by urban living. Though each and every nook and corner of the state is worth trekking, following trek routes are worth will to be discussed here.
The first European to explore Khangchendzonga area was Douglas W. Freshfield in 1899. Famous Sikkimese Everester Sonam Gyatso climbed the summit of Siniolchu. Though mountaineering activities now a days is not frequent yet the activities is usually taken by Sonam Gyatso Mountaineering Institute.
Rafting in Sikkim
Under the category of water sports, White River rafting is the latest adventure sport in Sikkim. Teesta and Rangit are the ideal rivers for rafting. The following two routes are the most desired by the rafters.
(i) On River Teesta:
Chungthang – Dikchu – Singtam – Melli
(ii) On River Rangit:
Legship – Jorethang – Melli
This class of adventure tourism is recently introduced in this hilly state of Sikkim. Since most of the roads of Sikkim are accessible by motorbikes, this sport can gain momentum in the near future. Following routes are advisable.
Due to the variation of altitude from sea level to the mountain tops, Sikkim possess a wide and varied spectrum of flora and fauna. It has one of the richest assemblages of habitat in the world. The zoological and botanical richness and diversity is excellent ,boasting of more than 4000 species of plants, 300 species of fern and its allies, 11 species of Oaks, 8 species of tree fern 30-40 species of primula, 20 species of The jungle of lower altitude harbor Jungle cuts, Mongoose, sparrow and has abundance of bamboos, trees firm, walnut and oak. More than 600 species of orchids are found in Sikkim, which are indeed the jewels in the crown. The fauna of Temperate Zone comprises of common Langur, Leopard cats, Red Panda, Musk deer, Himalayan black bear and the flying squirrel.