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The history of the city dates back to the 12 th century A.D.,when the Hada Chieftan,Rao Deva,conquered the territory and founded Bundi and Hadoti. Later, in the early 17 th century A.D during thr reign of Mughal Emperor Jahangir,the ruler of Bundi – Rao Ratan Singh,gave the smaller principality kota to his son,Madho Singh.Since then Kota became a hallmark of the Rajput gallantry and culture.
Along the eastern bank of the Chambal river lies Kota – an amazing juxtaposition of the majestic medieval age and modern industrialisation. While its untouched wealth of impressiveforts,opulent palaces and splendid temples dating back over several centuries retain the past glory,the present Day edifices and heavy industries have made it to the industrial heartland of Rajasthan.
The Durbar Hall is ornate with beautiful mirror work and has ebony and ivory doors.Exquisite miniatures of the Kota school are housed within the Hall.Other noteworhty edifices of the bygone era are the Brij Raj Bhawan Palace,Jag Mandir – an island Palace,a splendid haveli(mansion) with beautiful frescoes and the royal cenotaphs.
How to reach
By Air - Kota is connected by air, Jaipur 245 Km is the nearest airport.
Ry Rail - Kota has its railway station
By Road - Good network of road connections link Kota with many important cities inside and outside the state.Some notable distances are:
Udaipur - 270 Km
Bundi - 40 Km
Delhi - 504 Km
Udaipur - 270 Km
Ahmedabad - 522 km
Places to see
Maharao Madho Singh Museum
Situated in the old palace,the mueseum has a superb collection of Rajput Miniature paintings of the Kota school,exquisite,frescoes and armoury.The museum also houses a rich repository of artistic items used by the Kota Rulers.
The Government Museum
Housed in the Brijniwas Palace near the Kishore Sagar,the museum displays a rich collection of rare coins,manuscripts and a representative selection of Hadoti sculpture.Esepecially noteworthy is an exquisitely sculptured statue Brought here from Baroli.
Amid the picturesque artifical lake of Kishore Sagar constructed in 1346 A.D. by Prince Dher Deh of Bundi,stands the enchanting little palace of Jag Mandir.The azure waters around the red-sandstone monument enhances its beauty.Boat rides can be enjoyed in the lake.The Keshar Bagh famous for Its royal cenotaphs lies in the vicinity.
The oldest and the most beautiful temple complex of Rajasthan dating back to the 9 th century A.D lies on the way to Pratap Sagar Dam.The intricate carvings and an exquisite image of Natraja(Shiva) – the cosmic dancer on the floor of the mandao,offer fine examples of craftmanship.Many interesting shrines also lie closeby.
Rana Pratap Sagar Dam and Bhainsrodgarh(50-55 Km)
Bhainsrodgarh Fort lies on the right bank of the Chambal Ruver and a village lies within the fort. The fort is set admist scenic surroundings. An ancient temple of Gajpar Nath Mahadev on the way is an idyllic picnic spot.
Bhanddeora Temple(Ramgrah) (110 Km)
Situated in the Baran district atop the Ramgarh hill ,is the 11th –12th century temple now in ruins is easily approachable by jeep and car.
The Remains of Garhgachh(110 Km)
The 9 th and 13 th century A.D temples in red stone,situated in the Baran district near Attu(30 Km).
Nahargarh Fort(145 Km)
An impressive structure in red stone ,the fort is a fine example of the Mughal architecture.
An ideal picnic spot,situated near the village of Kelwara in the Baran district on the way to Kota – Shiv Puri.The old temples of Sita ,Laxman and seven water tanks are worth a visit.The palace is the venue of a tribal fair held in May-June every year.
An historic fort near Barora 10 Km in Attu Tehsil in the Baran district.
Fort of Shahbad and Mosque(160 Km)
The fort was constructed in 1577 A.D. by the Chauhan ruler Muktaman.The mosque is the biggest in Rajasthan and was built during the reign of Aurangazeb.
Darrah Wildlife Sanctuary(50 Km)
An erstwthile royal hunting preserve,it is a thickly wooded sanctuary lying along the south-eastern border of Kota adjaceent to the mountain range.The wildlife variety includes panther,spotted deer,tiger,wild boar and bear.
Rock paintings of Alaniya(25 Km)
Beautiful rock paintings adorn the bank of the River Alaniya.
Shopping in Kota
Kota is the home of the Kota ‘doria’ sarees made in small villages around the city.