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Amritsar is one of the most important cities of Punjab and is famous for the Golden Temple which is perhaps the most sacred shrine of the Shikhs. Amritsar means The Pool of Nectar, and Guru Ramdas, the forth guru of the Sikhs founded it in 1557. Pakistani travelers come through Amritsar by the land route.
How to reach
By Air - Raja Sansi International Airport in Amritsar provides regular service to major cities like Mumbai and Chennai.
By Rail - Amritsar Railway Station is well linked to other rail heads in the state and also connected to most of the cities in India
By Road - The state transport buses from Delhi, Chandigarh, Ludhiana and other cities are also available. It is 223 kms from Chandigarh and Shimla is 342 kms.
Places to see
The Golden Temple
The original Guru Granth Sahib is housed in the temple by the pool after which the city has been named. The dome of the Temple is gold-plated and the total amount of gold used is believed to be 400 kgs. The temple garden, Baba Atal Tower and Ramgarhia Minars are places within the temple complex.
The Old City
A Hindu temple called Durgiana is a 15-minute walk from the Golden Temple.This temple of goddess Durga is in the old city. Another temple built on a lake, is dedicated to Lakshmi and Narayan. There are a number of mosques including the mosque of Muhammad Jan. The Fort of Govindgarh built by Ranjit Singh in 1805-09,can also be visited.
This beautiful garden has a museum built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh as his summer palace which now houses a museum. An interesting feature of the gardens is a bathing tank constructed by the French General Ventura. The city gate of Rambagh Gardens is topped by a red sandstone baradari (pavilion). The gardens are a delight with their walks and fountains providing an ideal picnic spot.
Just five minutes walk from the Golden Temple is the famous Jalianwala Bagh that commemorates the death of 2000 Indians at this site, who were shot indiscriminately by the British in 1919.Bullet marks and the well into which some people jumped to escape can still be seen.
It is called the city of Bliss and the hills of Naina Devi form a backdrop to the city. There are many Gurudwaras here and Guru Gobind Singh baptised his followers as Khalsa here.
A visit to the Wagah border is an interesting experience especially at sunset while the Retreat takes place when Indian and Pakistani border troops put up a cordinated and spectacular display comparing favourably with London's changing of the Guard.
22 kms south of Amritsar is the Gurudwara taran taran a gilt domed structure built in 1768 to commemorate Guru Ramdas. The waters of the tank here are believed to be miraculous especially in curing leprosy.
on the outskirts of the city at the confluence of Beas and the Sutlej rivers is a scenic spot and the bird sanctury and offers oppurtunities for angling.
Planning a visit to Punjab read through travelogues to plan your trip
October marks the beginning of the winter season in Punjab. Winters are chilly, as the temperature dips to 0 degrees(night). The Summers stretch from April till June and is hot and dry with temperatures rising to 45°C. The monsoons are from July to September.